A head gasket is a machined casting between an engine block and a cylinder head in an internal combustion engine. The cylindrical head and the head gasket will act as a sealing agent between the engine block and the cylindrical head in newer automobiles.
The head gasket’s primary role is to separate the oil and coolant passages so that the fluids do not mix. Many Dubai Cars can have busted head gaskets, so you should know what to look for while inspecting head gaskets too.
Purpose of a head gasket
Gaskets are vital because they control the compression ratio within a car’s combustion chamber. Excessive heat might trigger a gasket to blow out. Under certain circumstances, water may combine with the oil, potentially causing engine damage.
Compression in the cylinder might cause a hole in the gasket in certain scenarios. The pressure in the cooling system rises quickly, which is a standard indicator of a damaged head gasket.
How do you replace a head gasket?
It is difficult to replace a damaged head gasket since you will have to extract the cylinder head from the engine. To get there, you will have to take out a lot of stuff from under the hood.
The alternator, power steering pump, intake and exhaust manifolds, and wiring running across the cylinder fuel lines and head must be removed. Then after completing the job, you need to reinstall them correctly too.
Obtaining the service handbook for your car’s make and model is important to understand what goes where in your vehicle. In addition, it is a good idea to work under good lighting conditions, so everything goes swiftly.
Draining the engine and unbolting
First, you must drain the engine of all engine oil and coolant. Remove the parts attached to a cylinder head by consulting your car’s service manual.
You’ll also need to take out the timing belt. Before you disassemble the components, double-check that the alignment marks are easily visible.
Raise the cylinder head of the engine block once all the head bolts have been removed.
First, inspect the head and the block, then it must be sent to a workshop for a pressure test. The out-of-spec head must be fixed at the shop, which will also inspect any defect or crack. Never replace a cylinder head that hasn’t been checked for cracks by an expert.
Head and piston cleaning
The base of the head and the block should be prepared. Scraping or removing any metal or apparent debris can cause the head gasket to fail to seal. Make sure no debris or any particle is getting into the cylinder or on the piston; then clean it carefully.
Examine the cylinder walls and piston tops for any damage done by a gasket that has overheated.
Next comes sealing the gasket properly
Blow out the debris using compressed air. It’s crucial to get the head bolt torque right. After that, secure the head to the block. Apply gasket sealant to the head gasket and the block.
Ensure you’re using the sealer recommended by the manufacturer and that you’re using the correct amount in the right spot. For the appropriate fitting, the head gasket will be marked from top to bottom.
For optimal gasket sealing, you should carefully adjust the bolt tightening order and torque according to the instructions provided. Before inserting the head bolt, lubricate the thread with a few drops of motor oil. You must adhere to the torque specifications as well as the method for tightening the sequence.
Reinstall all the components
Reinstall any other engine parts you’ve taken out. By turning the camshaft and crankshaft, you must carefully align the timing belt to the precise alignment marks. Make doubly sure the valves aren’t damaged or bent.
Change Oil and Coolant
You can change the oil in the engine and use the factory-recommended coolant in the cooling system. Once you start the car, turn on the heater at full and let the engine stay idle for a while.
Allow the air bubbles to escape. Inspect for any oil leakage or coolant leakage after all air has been removed from the cooling system, and the engine has stabilized.
A blown head gasket can cause serious damage, and it must be repaired right away. But you can follow these steps and save a lot of trouble.
Read More: How to Fix a Car’s Plastic Bumper